New India Literacy Programme for Adult Education: Total budget of Rs. 1037.90 crore for the next five years

New India Literacy Programme 2022 – Adult education

New India Literacy Programme | Adult Education 2022 | India Literacy Programme

A new scheme New India Literacy Programme has been approved by the Ministry of Education for adult education for the next five years for all non-literates in 15 years and above age group. The total estimates budget of the scheme is Rs. 1037.90 crore.

New India Literacy Programme

Ministry of Education (MoE) approved a new scheme New India Literacy Programme to integrate all the aspects of Adult Education to align with the National Education Policy, 2020 for the next five years (FYs 2022-2027). The Ministry has also decided to use the term Education for All instead of Adult Education because the term Adult Education did not represent all non-literates in 15 years and above age group.

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Total estimated budget of New India Literacy Programme is Rs. 1037.90 crore

 Salient features of the New India Literacy Programme 

  • School will be Unit for implementation of the Scheme. 
  • Schools will be used for conducting survey of beneficiaries and Voluntary Teachers (VTs). 
  • Different strategies are to be adopted for different age cohorts. Flexibility for States/UTs will be provided to undertake innovative activities. 
  • Foundation Literacy and Numeracy will be imparted through Critical Life Skills to all non-literates in the age group of 15 years and above. 
  • Performance Grading index (PGI) for State/UT and district level will show the performance of States and UTs to implement the scheme. 
  • Priority and Saturation in Literacy – The age cohort of 15-35 will be saturated first followed by ages 35 and above. Priority will be provided in terms of categories to the Girls and women, SC/ST/OBC/Minorities, Persons with Special Needs (Divyangjans), Marginalized/Nomadic/Construction workers/laborers etc. In terms of location/area,all aspirational districts of NITI Aayog, districts with literacy rates less than the National/State average, districts with female literacy rates less than 60% as per 2011 census, districts/blocks with large SC/ST/Minority population, Educationally backward blocks, Left Wing Extremism Affected districts. 
  • The estimated total outlay of the scheme is Rs. 1037.90 crore which includes Central share of Rs. 700 crore and State share of Rs. 333.90 crore for the FYs 2022-2027. 
  • The scheme will cover non-literates of the age of 15 years and above in all States and Union territories in the country. 
  • The term Adult Education will be replaced by Education for All. 
  • As per Budget 2021-2022, increased access to resources, online modules covering the entire gamut of the adult education will be introduced.

Objectives of New India Literacy Programme

  • To impart foundational literacy. 
  • To cover other components like: 
  • Critical life skills including financial literacy, digital literacy, commercial skills, health care and awareness, child care and education, and family welfare. 
  • Vocational Skills Development for obtaining local employment. 
  • Basic Education including preparatory, middle and secondary stage equivalency. 
  • Continuing Education including engaging holistic adult education courses in arts, sciences, technology, culture, sports and recreation, as well as other topics of interest or use to local learners, such as more advanced material on critical life skills).

Mode of implementation of New India Literacy Programme

  • The scheme will be implemented through volunteerism through online mode. 
  • The training, orientation, workshops of volunteers, may be organized through face-to-face mode.

Why is New India Literacy Programme needed?

  • The absolute number of non-literates of the age group 15 years and above is 25.76 crore as per 2011 census. 
  • In consideration of the progress of persons certified as literates being to the tune of 7.64 crore under the Saakshar Bharat Programme implemented during 2009-10 to 2017-18, it is estimated that currently around 18.12 crore adults are still non-literate in India.

What is the total budget of the scheme?

The total budget of the scheme is Rs. 1037.90 crore.

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